Police dogs play a vital role in today’s society, being one of the most important units in the police force. The dogs most often used as police dogs are German shepherds, Belgian Malinois and Rottweilers.
Police dog training takes a lot of time and effort and even after the dogs are put on patrol they still have to go through yearly testing and daily training exercises to keep them in the best shape, responding to commands quickly.
Usually when you think of a police dog you think of a dog chasing down a suspect and bringing him into submission to be arrested by the handler but there are a few different kinds of police dogs.
Patrol dogs are trained in bite work, a bite method that is non-lethal. They are used to detect drugs and weapons and to track and control suspects.
Bite work consists of the dog latching on to the upper arm of the suspect, near the shoulder and not letting go until the handler tells the dog to. This command is usually only given after the officer has control of the suspect.
Police dogs are objective. This is one reason they are used in almost every precinct in North America. The dogs’ presence alone is often enough to discourage a violent response from a suspect when being approached by officers and this minimizes the situations in which the officer has to use his weapon.
Police dogs go to work with their handlers every day and go home with them at night. They ride with their partners day in and day out and are socialized with the family almost like a pet. When Police dogs get to be about seven years old they retire, almost always staying with their handler’s family, becoming a cherished pet until they pass on.
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